Trip Hazards & Legal Consequences

ADA Compliance

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), last revised in July 2010 with revisions to the ADA Standards for Accessible Design, is the governing law that prohibits discrimination and ensures equal opportunity for persons with disabilities in employment, State and local government services, public accommodations, commercial facilities and transportation. As it relates to public accommodations and commercial facilities, these areas must be made accessible to those with disabilities. Raised concrete that creates a trip hazard or makes an area impassible prevents access for persons with disabilities and impairments.

Who's Effected?


How does this happen?

The earth’s soils are constantly expanding and contracting as they adapt to ever changing temperatures, excess moisture, and drought conditions. Varying environmental conditions result in concrete flatwork settling, sinking, and failing, in response to soil movement and compaction. Settling creates uneven surfaces that often result in dangerous trip hazards on your property. 

Trip hazards on uneven, or raised, concrete pose a threat in terms of public safety as well as liability for private property owners, commercial property owners, management companies, HOA’s and municipalities. While trip and fall hazards are a challenge to the general public, they are especially dangerous for the young, the elderly, and persons with disabilities. They are particularly dangerous and challenging for those with vision impairments or individuals requiring the use of mobility assistance (canes, crutches, wheelchairs, motorized devices, etc.).


What does this really mean to me?

Essentially, the ADA defines a trip hazard as any vertical change over ¼ inch at any joint or crack in the concrete. Because the ADA demands strict compliance and places direct responsibility on the property owners, trip and fall hazards left unrepaired can result in substantial legal liability. Any area that has high pedestrian use further raises trip risks.

When it comes to expense, it is always less costly to choose concrete repair over litigation!

Should you be found liable for failure to maintain safe pedestrian areas, expenses can include settlements, damages awarded, attorney’s fees and impact on insurance rates, to name a few. Additionally, you will STILL be required to repair the concrete! Ignorance of the law is no excuse, which is why we want to make you aware of the most effective option available for repairing the trip dangers that place you at risk for liability of injury, as well as failure to comply with the ADA requirements.


Leveled Concrete’s concrete raising technology consists of an environmentally-friendly liquid polymer foam that is injected through 5/8” size holes under the concrete and into the loose, unstable soils below. Through a chemical reaction, the high density foam expands to stabilize the loose soils and lift the fallen concrete – creating a lightweight, impermeable pressure barrier under the concrete. After approximately 15 minutes, the polyurethane is fully cured and ready to return to service. 

The small, penny-sized drill holes are filled with cementitious grout to match the surrounding concrete. Our polyurethane only weighs about 2 pounds per cubic foot of material which doesn’t add any additional, unwanted weight to an already failing substrate. The polyurethane foam is an inert, non-toxic, and environmentally safe material that is made from recycled materials. It is impervious to moisture and decay, ensuring that your repair will last a lifetime! The average life cycle of the concrete is extended – at a fraction of the cost of replacement.


Ramping or Patching Quick fix, needs to dry Leaves a patch that will chip and crack with time Doesn’t treat underlying soil issues
Grinding Quick fix, messy Leaves ugly scarring and degrades concrete Doesn’t treat underlying soil issues; shortens the life of concrete significantly
Mudjacking - Can take days to cure, often messy Leaves noticeable 2-3 inch diameter patches from injections Over burdens underlying soils; highly susceptible to fracture and recurring failure
Leveled Concrete Polyurethane Concrete Raising - Material fully cured and serviceable after 15 minutes Leaves only 5/8″ patches (size of a penny) that are blended with existing concrete Treats underlying soils! Lasts a lifetime! One and done!
Demolition and Replacement Takes the most time and creates the most mess; environmentally unfriendly Brand new concrete Usually doesn’t treat underlying soil issues; can fail again.
Indicates repair may not meet ADA standards


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